Diagnosing iron deficiency early is critical

Without proper intervention, iron deficiency anemia can become dire and even life-threatening, leading to the following potential complications:8-11
  • Heart and lung conditions
  • Worsening chronic conditions
  • Reduction in the effectiveness of medications
  • Organ damage
  • Maternal morbidity during pregnancy40
Iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women can also impact fetuses and newborns.18, 24, 36, 37 They may:
  • Develop iron deficiency in their first year of life
  • Be small for their gestational age
  • Face admission to the neonatal care unit
  • Have a low birth weight
  • Face increased risk of preterm birth
  • Face higher rates of neonatal morbidity and mortality
By knowing what to test for and acting quickly, you can prevent the progression of iron deficiency to iron deficiency anemia.8-10

Iron deficiency impacts more patients than you might realize.

In the United States, approximately 10 million people have iron deficiency and approximately 5 million have iron deficiency anemia.16

You may be seeing patients every day who are at risk for iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia

Many women may experience iron deficiency or iron deficiency anemia in their lifetime18

Women are at risk of ID and IDA because they are likely to experience at least one, but likely several, conditions that lead to iron deficiency, including the following:
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia)
  • Pregnancy
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Childbirth
  • Menopause
Worldwide, up to


of women of childbearing age may have IDA.26

Baby stroller icon
Up to


of pregnant women in the US may have IDA.18

Pregnant woman icon


of women may have ID in their lifetime.19

group of women
Up to


of women worldwide may have anemia in their lifetime.44

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Patients with other underlying conditions are also at risk

Prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia is also high among patients with inflammatory conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD).21,22,23†

Other conditions and factors associated with ID and IDA include:24
  • Malabsorption syndrome
  • Nutritional deficits
  • Restrictive diets
  • Heart failure
  • Surgery
  • Cancer


of patients with IBD (eg, Crohn's, UC) have ID.21

hips with pain


of patients with IBD (eg, Crohn's, UC) have IDA.22

intestine with pain


of patients with CKD have ID.23



of patients with CKD have anemia.23

stomach with iron
  • Although there is overlap between ID and IDA, some markers are sensitive to assessing ID (ferritin) and some markers are indicators of IDA (hemoglobin).
8. Iron-deficiency anemia. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Accessed October 30, 2023. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/anemia/iron-deficiency-anemia
9. Jimenez K, Kulnigg-Dabsch S, Gasche C. Management of iron deficiency anemia. Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y). 2015;11(4):241-250.
10. Badireddy M, Baradhi KM. Chronic anemia. In: StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing; 2023
11. Kessy JP, Philemon RN, Lukambagire A, et al. Iron depletion, iron deficiency, and iron deficiency anaemia among children under 5 years old in Kilimanjaro, Northern Tanzania: a hospital-based cross-sectional study. East Afr Health Res J. 2019;3(1):42-47. doi:10.24248/EAHRJ-D-18-00017
16. Miller JL. Iron deficiency anemia: a common and curable disease. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2013;3(7):a011866. doi:10.1101/cshperspect.a011866
18. Friedman AJ, Chen Z, Ford P, et al. Iron deficiency anemia in women across life span. J Womens Health (Larchmt).2012;21(12):1282-1289
19. Camaschalla C. Iron deficiency. Blood. 2019;133(1):30-39. doi:10.1182/blood-2018-05-815944.
20. Mirza FG, Abdul-Kadir R, Breymann C, Fraser IS, Taher A. Impact and management of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in women's health. Expert Rev Hematol. 2018;11(9):727-736. doi:10.1080/17474086.2018.1502081
21. Kulnigg S, Gasche C. Systematic review: managing anaemia in Crohn’s disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2006;24(11-12):1507-1523.
22. Stein J, Hartmann F, Dignass AU. Diagnosis and management of iron deficiency anemia in patients with IBD. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2010;7(11):599-610.
23. Fishbane S, Pollack S, Feldman HI, Joffe MM, et al. Iron indices in chronic kidney disease in the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 1988–2004. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2009;4(1):57-61.
24. Cappellini MD, Musallam KM, Taher AT. Iron deficiency anemia revisited. J Intern Med. 2020;287(2):153-170. doi:10.1111/joim.13004
25. Manckoundia P, Konaté A, Hacquin A, et al. Iron in the general population and specificities in older adults: metabolism, causes and consequences of decrease or overload, and biological assessment. Clin Interv Aging. 2020;15:1927-1938. doi:10.2147/CIA.S269379
26. Anaemia in women and children. World Health Organization. 2021. Accessed October 30, 2023. https://www.who.int/data/gho/data/themes/topics/anaemia_in_women_and_children
36. Juul SE, Derman RJ, Auerbach M. Perinatal iron deficiency: implications for mothers and infants. Neonatology. 2019;115(3):269-274. doi:10.1159/000495978
37. Colomer J, Colomer C, Gutierrez D, et al. Anaemia during pregnancy as a risk factor for infant iron deficiency: report from the Valencia Infant Anaemia Cohort (VIAC) study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 1990;4(2):196-204. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3016.1990.tb00638.x
38. Drukker L, Hants Y, Farkash R, Ruchlemer R, Samueloff A, Grisaru-Granovsky S. Iron deficiency anemia at admission for labor and delivery is associated with an increased risk for Cesarean section and adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Transfusion. 2015;55(12):2799-2806. doi:10.1111/trf.13252